Samuel Mather (1706–1785) graduated from Harvard in 1723. He served as Chaplin at Castle William, in Boston Harbor. In 1733, he moved to Boston with Rev. Joshua Gee at the Second Church, Boston (Old North Meetinghouse) and stayed nine years. After being dismissed from Second Church, he formed the Tenth Congregational Society, in the Meeting-house on the corner of Hanover and North Bennet Street in Boston's North End.