Scott, Thomas

Thomas Scott (1747–1821) was born in Lincolnshire, England. He worked on his father's farm but he also studied Greek and Latin. In 1772, he sought to be ordained and he became the curate of Stoke Goldington and Weston Underwood. After studying many books he was convicted of his own sin and he embraced Calvinist doctrine. Thomas Scott took over the Olney pulpit in 1781. In 1785, he became the Lecturer of Lock Hospital in London, where he was a favorite preacher of William Wilberforce, Henry Thornton, and Hannah More. In 1803, he moved to Aston Sandford, Buckinghamshire. He is known for founding the Lock Asylum, the Church Missionary Society and his Commentary for the "Family Bible."

 

Curiosmith Features:

The Force of Truth (Autobiography)

Illustrative Notes on the Pilgrim's Progress

 

Family:

Father – John Scott, a farmer.

Mother – Mary Wayet, of Boston.

Wife – Jane Kell. Died in 1790.

Second wife – Egerton.

Children:

  • Anne, died at 4.
  • John – Educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge. His father's biographer. Vicar of North Ferriby and Minister of St. Mary's, Hull.
  • A son that died in infancy.
  • Thomas – Educated at Queen's College, Cambridge. Became minister of Gawcott, Bucks.
  • A son who died early.
  • Benjamin – A son born in London. Educated at Queen's College, Cambridge and was a vicar.
  • Elizabeth – A daughter born in London. Married in 1811.

 

Friends:

  • John Newton – longtime friend and spiritual guide.
  • William Carey – he highly valued Thomas Scott's preaching.
  • John Pearson – surgeon at Lock Hospital and long-time friend.
  • William Wilberforce – attended his preaching and made Lock Hospital chapel his regular church.
  • Edward J. Eliot – attended his preaching.
  • Henry Thornton – attended his preaching.
  • Hannah More – attended his preaching.
  • Ambrose Serle – attended his preaching.
  • Lord and Lady Dartmouth – attended his preaching.
  • Henry Venn - he highly valued Thomas Scott's preaching.
  • Charles Simeon – good friend.
  • William Cowper – helped revise Force of Truth.

 

Timeline:

1747 – Thomas Scot was born.

1772 – He sought to be ordained and he became the curate of Stoke Goldington and Weston Underwood.

1774 – He married Jane Kell.

1775 – He was the curate of Ravenstone and Weston Underwood.

1777 – Seeking out truth in books and  the influence of John Newton brought about a new spiritual birth in evangelical doctrine.

1779 – He published the “Force of Truth.”

1781 – Thomas Scott begins curacy of Olney.

1785 – He became the Lecturer of Lock Hospital in London.

1888 – He began his Bible commentary or Scott’s “Family Bible.”

1790 – He was the afternoon lecturer at St. Mildred’s on Bread Street.

1790 – His first wife died.

1791 – Married his second wife Egerton.

1801 – He gave up his Sunday morning Lectureship at St. Margaret’s, Lothbury.

1801 – He became rector of Aston Sandford, Buckinghamshire.

1803 – He moved to Aston Sandford, Buckinghamshire.

1807 – It was conveyed to him a D. D. degree from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

 

Books he read during his spiritual search in the late 1770's:

  • Bishop Burnet, from the Articles and Homilies of the Church.
  • Hooker s Sermons.
  • Bishop Beveridge Sermons.
  • Henry Venn s "Essay on Zechariah."
  • Hervey's "Theron and Aspasio."
  • Witsius's "Economy of the Covenants."
  • Soame Jennings's "Evidences."
  • Law's "Serious Call."
  • Evans's "Christian Temple."
  • Bishop Hall's "Contemplations."

 

Booklist of Thomas Scott's writings:

1. The Force of Truth: an Authentic Narrative

2. The Holy Bible with Explanatory Notes, Practical Observations, and Copious Marginal References. (Before 1815 it was called A Family Bible, with Notes.)

3. Scriptural Doctrine of Civil Government and the Duties of Subjects

4. The Rights of God

5. Sermons 1793

6. Essays on the Most Important Subjects in Religion

7. Sermons 1794

8. Vindication etc. of the Holy Scriptures etc.

9. Sermons on Select Subjects

10. Warrant and Nature of Faith Considered

11. Signs of the Times

12. Missionary Sermons

13. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress with Notes and a Life of the Author. (1801)

14. Four Sermons 1802

15. Sermons 1803

16. Theological Works

17. The Jews, a Sermon

18. Chronological Tables of the Bible; with Maps

19. Remarks on the Refutation of Calvinism by G. Tomline, Bishop of Lincoln

20. Sermons 1812

21. Sermons 1815

22. Treatise on Growth in Grace

23. The Articles of the Synod of Dort, translated from the Latin with Notes

24. His Life with Extracts from His Letters by His Son Rev. John Scott (1822)

25. His Works; Edited by His Son, John Scott, A. M. Vicar of North Ferriby, London.

26. His Letters and Papers Selected by His Son, John Scott.

27. Village Discourses

28. Theological Tracts, with an Essay by Dr. Thomas Chalmers

 

Booklist taken from:

Samuel Austin Allibone. A Critical Dictionary of English literature and British and American authors: living and deceased from the earliest accounts to the latter half of the nineteenth century, Volume 2. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1899.

 

Sources:

Downer, Rev. A.C., M.A. Thomas Scott the Commentator. London: Chas. J. Thynne, 1909.

Scott, John A.M. The Life of Thomas Scott. Boston: Samuel Armstrong and Crocker and Brewster, 1823.